10 Reasons Cause Your Teeth Discoloration

Extrinsic Tooth Discoloration :

This occurs when the enamel is stained as by some drinks or foods or by smoking. These external stains can usually be removed through the use low concentration bleaching whitening products.

1. Most Common Reason

Colored organic compounds from some foods and drinks such Coffee, Tea or Alcohol stains, particularly among young people Coffee/Tea stains can be removed by simple hand scaling by a dentist, But the Coffee/Teas stain over years might be difficult to remove and it can be corrected only by bleaching.

10 Reasons Cause Your Teeth Discoloration


2. Tobacco

Smoking or chewing tobacco are also responsible for stained teeth, creating brown to black stains on the tooth surface. Nicotine stains are very difficult to remove over time and it may take multiple visits to a dentist to get complete oral rehabilitation.

3. Citrus Fruits

Having frequent intake of citrus fruits like lemon and oranges can also cause discoloration in ones teeth. So it is necessary for one to gargle his mouth after having citrus fruits.

4. Mouth Rinse

Excessive use of mouth rinse can also cause severe tooth discoloration. Prescribed antiseptic mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine are associated with causing yellow-brown stains on teeth. Repeated use of stannous fluoride can result in a light brown or yellowish stain. Iodine-containing solution medications may also cause similar stains.

5. Dental Restorative Materials

Common dental restorative materials, as the amalgam in silver-colored fillings, may turn adjacent areas of teeth black or gray.

6. Accumulation of dental plaque and tartar may alter the natural appearance of the tooth

Intrinsic Tooth Stains :

This is when the dentin darkens or gets a yellow color. Fluorosis or tetracycline stains are examples of common intrinsic stains. Intrinsic stains are best removed through the use of high concentration whitening products that can bleach the tooth and change the natural tooth color. The reasons of intrinsic tooth stains are :

7. Medications

Some medications, such as the antibiotics tetracycline and minocycline, may become incorporated into the structure of a tooth, causing intrinsic staining of the teeth with a brown-gray color. Use of tetracycline should be avoided during the period of tooth formation, from 4th month of pregnancy until 7 years of age.

10 Reasons Cause Your Teeth Discoloration

8. Systemic Disorders

As alkaptonuria, erythropoietic porphyria, hyperbilirubinemia etc are also causes of stained teeth. Enamel hypoplasia causes tooth discoloration and pitting of the enamel. In rare cases, children with dentinogenesis imperfecta are born with gray, amber or purple discolorations.

9. Fluorosis

Chalky white spots or brown marks are caused by excessive fluoride intake Teeth whitening does not actually remove the white spots but lightens the background so they are less noticeable.

10. Root Canal Treatment

After root canal treatment, a tooth may start to darken, especially if the pulp chamber area is not thoroughly cleaned from dead or infected pulp tissue.

Age-Related Discoloration :

Teeth change with age, their mineral structure changes becoming less porous and making teeth to appear darker. The enamel that covers the teeth gets thinner with age, allowing the underlying layer of yellowish dentin to show through.