What Is Acute Telogen Effluvium? Symptoms, Causes And How To Treat

Acute Telogen Effluvium is much more common than the Chronic. It has an abrupt onset, the active shedding lasts 1 to 4 months and can lead to thinning of the hair over the entire scalp. Once the daily shedding returns to normal, it may take several months for the scalp hair to regain its normal density. The patient's hair goes back to normal within 1 year of onset of Acute TE in 95% of people. A specific trigger can be found in approximately 75% of patients with acute.

Symptoms

A Lot Of Hairs Fall Out From Your Scalp

You'll notice more hair than usual accumulating on your pillowcase, on the shower or bathroom floor and in your hairbrush. However, your scalp and the remaining hair look healthy. The bitemporal areas may be most obviously thinned and the thinning isn't necessarily symmetrical. Patients suffering from this condition never lose all of their hair, but, in severe cases other body hair such as Eyebrows can be lost.

What Is Acute Telogen Effluvium? Symptoms, Causes And How To Treat

Beau's Line Of Nail

Because nail and hair growth are under the same influences, an arrest in hair growth is often mirrored in the nails by a groove across them coinciding with the time of the shock to the system. This is called a Beau's line. The time of the shock can be estimated from the fact that a finger nail takes 5 months to grow from the posterior nail fold to the free edge. So if the groove in the nail is half way down the nail then the shock must have been 2 1/2 months ago.

Treatments

In real life, Acute Telogen Effluvium is completely normal process. Because of that, no treatment is needed for most cases. Remember that the hairs fall out when a new hair growing beneath it pushes it out. Thus with this type of hair loss, hair falling out is a sign of hair regrowth and you will have all your hair in some 6 to 12 months time. As the new hair first comes up through the scalp and pushes out the dead hair a fine fringe of new hair is often evident along the forehead hairline.

Of course, self-help is necessary. Eating a healthy diet, supplying the body with the proteins and vitamins it requires will help it to fight disease and bacteria.

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Causes

Abrupt Hormonal Changes, Such As Pregnancy, Postpartum, Menopause

It is triggered by the sudden changes in hormone levels. Some statistics suggest a 45% of mothers lose hair during childbirth. Fortunately in most cases the hair will return to normal 9-12 month after the child's birth.

Sudden Mental Stress

The shock involved in a major operation can result in sudden hair loss. For example, surgery, family misfortune and more. Also after hair transplant surgery where follicles are transplanted on the scalp TE almost always occurs. Due to the shock of sudden mental stress the hair follicles will fall out within about 3 months after which time new hairs will grow.

A Short Term Illness

Thyroid Gland Malfunction, Diabetes, Anaemia or other illness will cause acute aswell of TE, and the hair loss may continue until the underlying cause is treated.

Change In Rapid Diet Weight Loss

Any change in diet can cause hair loss, especially if it is deficient in calories and nutrition and results in rapid weight loss.

Iron Deficiency

Hypothyroidism or Hyperthyroidism

Some Drugs

Some drugs have been reported as causing hair loss in some individuals. If the body has a hard time adjusting to the medication hair loss may occur. Discontinuing a medication can also cause hair loss, as the body may also have to adjust to the absence of the medication, Including :
- Alloppurinol ( reatment of Gout)
- Heparin ( blood thinner)
- Coumarin (blood thinner)
- Clofibrate (Cholesterol lowering drug)
- Gemfibrozil (Cholesterol lowering drug)